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Turkey adopts ‘Orwellian’ internet curbs

2019年7月17日 | 上海按摩服务 | Permalink

Turkish MPs have adopted new internet legislation roundly criticised as a fresh assault by Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan on freedom of expression, access to information and investigative journalism.

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The proposals come amid parallel moves by Erdogan to push through contentious judicial reforms as he fights to keep the lid on a deeply damaging corruption probe entangling some of his closest allies.

After hours of debate, during which opposition MPs blasted the bill as “censorship”, the measures were adopted in the chamber, where Erdogan’s ruling Justice and Development Party (AKP) dominates with 319 of the 550 seats.

The bill extends what are already hefty internet curbs in place under a controversial 2007 law that earned Turkey equal ranking with China as the world’s biggest web censor according to a Google transparency report published in December.

The text notably permits a government agency, the Telecommunications Communications Presidency (TIB), to block access to websites without court authorisation if they are deemed to violate privacy or with content seen as “insulting”.

Yaman Akdeniz, law professor at Bilgi private university in Istanbul, said the powers given to the TIB were “Orwellian”.

This body will also be able to request users’ communications and traffic information from hosting providers – obliged to retain up to two years’ worth of data – without a court order, Akdeniz said.

The measures, Akdeniz said, will “move Turkey away from the European Union in terms of internet policy, perhaps a few steps closer to China”, where the web is heavily censored by the communist authorities.

At the start of the debate, opposition lawmaker Hasan Oren had harsher words, comparing Erdogan to Hitler.

“When you came to power you talked of enhancing democracy in Turkey, Now you are trying to implement fascism,” Oren said.

“Remember that Adolf Hitler used the same methods when he rose to power.”

The amendments, which form part of a so-called omnibus bill containing a mishmash of other measures, add to an already draconian approach under the 2007 law.

Under that existing legislation, websites including blogging tool WordPress and video-sharing services DailyMotion and Vimeo have been blocked temporarily by court orders, while YouTube was off limits for two years until 2010.

Reporters Without Borders said the aim is “to reinforce cyber-censorship, government control of the internet and surveillance”.

The Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ) called it a “slide into internet authoritarianism” in a country that is the “leading jailer of journalists worldwide”.

SPC, Howes a gift to Abbott on IR

2019年7月17日 | 上海按摩服务 | Permalink

When Tony Abbott returned to Australia from Nelson Mandela’s memorial service he flew into a political storm over the flagged closure of Holden.

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It would have been a stretch at the time to regard the car maker’s loss as an opportunity to tackle industrial relations.

Nor could he have expected that several weeks later he would be given a leg-up from the most unlikely of supporters – high-profile trade union boss Paul Howes.

A set of unrelated circumstances, that started with Holden and included travails at Toyota – so far the only car maker that will be operating in Australia after 2017 – and ailing fruit processor SPC Ardmona, has gifted the Abbott government an opening to push workplace changes.

All three created an opportunity to strike out at over-generous “sweetheart deals” between business and unions, and talk up the need for greater workplace flexibility.

The coalition is adopting a nip-and-tuck approach to industrial relations in a campaign of skirmishes rather than a full-frontal assault, learning from the experience of Work Choices, which alienated workers during the Howard years.

It has turned on its head the traditional alliance it enjoys with big business attributing equal blame for their part in the perceived failures of Australia’s industrial relations system.

Employment Minister Eric Abetz could not have been clearer when he addressed the Sydney Institute in late January.

Big employers, he said, needed to say “no” to unaffordable union demands.

Mr Abetz lashed out at what he called “sweetheart deals” between “weak-kneed” employers and “unreasonable” unions.

He lamented business would come to him advocating for workplace relations reform, effectively blaming the system for their own shortcomings.

A few days later, Abbott cited an over-generous enterprise agreement with workers as one of the reasons his cabinet rejected a $25 million lifeline for SPC Ardmona.

Treasurer Joe Hockey went further, describing reported clauses of the agreement as “astounding”.

“If that is what they negotiate, then please do not come to the government asking for other taxpayers’ money when those agreements fail,” he said.

Mr Abbott is not backing away from his criticism despite finding himself in a messy stoush with one of his own MPs – Sharman Stone whose electorate will suffer most from SPC’s possible closure.

The decision was tough, but “defining” he said, as he drew a line on entitlements and cushy enterprise agreements.

What happens at Toyota threatens to become a potent symbol of this guerilla war.

The car maker is seeking to vary its enterprise agreement to improve productivity, including reducing the the Christmas shutdown period from 21 days to 10 days.

Mr Abbott, Mr Abetz and Mr Hockey have attacked the Australian Manufacturing Workers Union for its refusal to negotiate changes.

Mr Hockey in his “end of entitlement” interview this week said unions were “biting off the hand that feeds them” by resisting change.

Toyota legitimately had gone back to the workers and asked them to limit the Christmas shutdown 10 days because it wanted to a guaranteed market in the Middle East, he said.

“The AMWU took them to court and said `No, we want to stop this.'”

The government opened a new front with a submission to a review of the award system requesting the the Fair Work Commission consider whether penalty rates should apply to “particular” sectors.

It wasn’t said out loud, but it was an oblique reference to similar calls being made by the hospitality and retail sector.

The submission unsurprisingly provoked criticism from Labor and the unions, who accused Abbott of wanting to attack the wages and conditions of low-paid workers.

Opposition Leader Bill Shorten accused the prime minister of being out of touch with ordinary Australians.

“(He) has no idea about how millions of people earn their pay,” he said.

Not so, Mr Abbott said: “If you’re a low-paid, worker one of the things you often love to do is work late nights weekends because it does substantially increase your income,” he said.

But it was Mr Howes who, intentionally or otherwise, put a lid on yet another blazing IR row.

He told the National Press Club in Canberra this week the current system – about which debate had become a “blood sport” – was dragging down the Australian economy.

Since 1998 there had been eight different IR frameworks.

Mr Howes called for a new deal with business and government to move the system beyond the Work Choices and the Fair Work eras. He proposed a “grand compact”, taking a lead from a trade union leader who became the nation’s leader – Bob Hawke.

Mr Abbott was quick to accept the olive branch, keen to let the past – especially Work Choices – be the past.

Labor and the unions were not so accommodating.

Mr Shorten ridiculed the idea, describing as a “fantasy” the prospect of a compact between the prime minister and unions.

“How can you sit down and form an accord with a series of organisations that you want to have a royal commission into?” he asked, referring to a possible expanded inquiry into union corruption.

But that’s another story, and another gift for the government.

Speaker goes, but Vic drama continues

2019年7月17日 | 上海按摩服务 | Permalink

As one drama ended for the Victorian government with the resignation of embattled Speaker Ken Smith, another quickly unfolded on the floor of parliament that highlighted the perilous situation in which the coalition finds itself.

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Balance-of-power MP and former Liberal Geoff Shaw sided with the opposition on Tuesday to stall the government’s business agenda for the week and remind Premier Denis Napthine nine months out from the election how tenuously he grips onto power.

The controversial independent and former nightclub bouncer is blamed by many for the demise of former premier Ted Baillieu and for Mr Smith’s resignation.

Mr Smith, who thinks the maverick member for Frankston is not fit to be in parliament, believes he might not be Mr Shaw’s last victim.

“Who’s he going to turn his sights on next? Who is he going to dislike next,” he asked on Fairfax Radio on Tuesday.

“He will just go after them and nobody should have that sort of power in the parliament.”

Fortunately for Dr Napthine, Mr Shaw declared on Wednesday he is a “reasonable premier”, but he has promised he will treat all future bills on a case by case basis.

“There’s 88 other people in parliament and we’ve all got a chance to call the shots,” he told the ABC.

“I’d like to think that I call some of the shots for Frankston and other people might think that they call the shots for their different electorates.”

University of Melbourne public policy fellow and former Labor adviser Nicholas Reece said the drama will make it difficult for the coalition in an election year.

“Chaos in parliament always hurts the government more than it does the opposition, because the public rightly expect the government to be able to control proceedings in the parliament and advance its legislative agenda,” he told AAP.

“With the government relying on Geoff Shaw’s vote to control the parliament, it finds itself left in an invidious position.

“This is a diabolical situation for the government in an election year and government MPs will be doing everything they can to reach an accommodation with Geoff Shaw that will make for a workable parliament because the other alternatives are politically unpalatable.”

One person who wouldn’t mind the alternatives is Opposition Leader Daniel Andrews.

“I don’t fear an early election,” he declared to reporters on Wednesday.

“This is a circus and it’s being run by Denis Napthine and Victoria’s going backwards.”

Dr Napthine insists he is in charge and won’t be beholden to Mr Shaw about any matters.

“We are the government, I am the premier, and my cabinet and my team and I are calling the shots,” he told parliament.

That statement will be tested over the next nine months as Dr Napthine attempts to get his legislation through, while relying on the support of the unpredictable member for Frankston.

Xbox-sensor guards Korean border

2019年7月17日 | 上海按摩服务 | Permalink

Microsoft’s movement-recognition Kinect software has morphed from virtual shooter gaming to the real-life challenge of guarding the world’s last Cold War border.

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The sensor allowing hands-free play on the Xbox is the basis for a security device now deployed along the demilitarised zone (DMZ) that separates North and South Korea, after being adapted by a South Korean programmer.

Four kilometres wide and 248 kilometres long, the DMZ is a depopulated no-man’s land of heavily fortified fences that bristles with the landmines and listening posts of two nations that technically remain at war.

As a military buffer zone, it remains an area of profound Cold War hostility, but its man-made isolation has also created an accidental wildlife park recognised as one of the best-preserved habitats on Earth.

The Kinect-based software developed by Ko Jae-Kwan, founder-president of Saewan Co, has been taken up by the military because of its ability to differentiate between human and animal movement.

Ko, 39, said on Thursday that his device could detect the sound, movement and direction of anybody attempting to cross the DMZ and immediately alert South Korean border guards.

“Existing sensors, which had been in place along the border, were highly efficient but could not tell the difference between humans and animals, sending wrong signals frequently,” Ko said.

The new sensors have been in place along certain sections of the DMZ since August last year, he added.

“Such devices are established as part of our project to strengthen surveillance with scientific equipment, but we cannot provide details for security reasons,” a defence ministry official said on condition of anonymity.

Despite all the security measures in place along the DMZ, there have been highly publicised incidents of undetected crossings.

Five South Korean generals and nine mid-level officers were removed from their posts or disciplined in 2012 after a defecting North Korean soldier simply walked undetected across the border and knocked on the door of a guard post.

The security lapse was all the more embarrassing as it came at a time of surging military tensions when the South Korean army was supposedly on high alert.

Ko said he planned to update the existing Kinect-based sensors to a version capable of detecting heart rates and reading body temperature, features that Microsoft added to the Xbox One version of the console released last year.

“For its price, the device is very accurate and effective in covering vulnerable areas,” he said.

New Zealand hit back after India strike early

2019年7月17日 | 上海按摩服务 | Permalink

McCullum was on 71 with Williamson 79 not out, the pair enjoying an unbroken 149-run partnership.

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Williamson’s half-century was his sixth in succession against the tourists, having scored one in each of the five one day internationals that preceded the test series.

The 23-year-old Williamson was dropped on 32 by Murali Vijay at first slip off Mohammed Shami, and went on to bring up his half-century from 79 balls with a top-edge six that flew over captain and wicketkeeper Mahendra Singh Dhoni’s head.

McCullum, who had initially accelerated the scoring after the break then slowed down, brought up his 29th test half century with a glorious off drive for his ninth boundary from a full-length Zaheer Khan delivery.

The pair scored 125 runs in 27 overs in the session as Dhoni became more defensive in his field placings, pushing fielders deeper and wider, which allowed New Zealand to keep the scoreboard ticking over with easy singles.

They had been thrust together with New Zealand on 30 for three after Dhoni had won his sixth successive toss on the tour and immediately asked the hosts to bat.

His three-pronged pace attack of Shami, Zaheer and Ishant Sharma exploited the green drop-in pitch and cool, overcast conditions to knock the top off New Zealand’s batting and expose their middle order before the break.

Sharma had backed up the initial pressure applied by Shami, whose first six overs cost just five runs, with two wickets while Zaheer, who joined the test side to add some experience to their attack, had dismissed Peter Fulton for 13.

The tall Sharma had Hamish Rutherford well caught by a diving Ajinkya Rahane in the gully for six then had Ross Taylor caught by Ravindra Jadeja at wide mid-off for three.

Taylor’s dimissal reduced the hosts to 30 for three before Williamson and McCullum consolidated, adding another 24 runs before lunch.

India’s bowlers were unable to sustain their disciplined line and length after the lunch and were punished for bowling too short or too full.

(Reporting by Greg Stutchbury in Wellington; Editing by Ian Ransom)

New bionic hand can sense shape, texture

2019年6月17日 | 上海按摩服务 | Permalink

An amputee with a bionic hand has for the first time been able to feel the texture and shape of objects in his grasp, European researchers say.

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The success of the month-long trial in Italy has energised researchers in the hunt to solve one of the most difficult challenges in prosthetics.

Until now, moveable prosthetic hands have returned no sensation to the wearer and have been difficult to control, meaning the user could crush an object while trying to grasp it.

“For the first time we were able to restore real time sensory feeling in an amputee while he was controlling this sensorised hand,” lead author Silvestro Micera said on Wednesday.

The study was led by Micera and Stanisa Raspopovic and colleagues at Switzerland’s Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne and the BioRobotics Institute in Pisa, Italy.

Their findings appear in the US peer-reviewed journal Science Translational Medicine.

“When I held an object, I could feel if it was soft or hard, round or square,” said Dennis Aabo Sorensen, a 36-year-old man from Denmark who lost his left hand in a fireworks accident.

“I could feel things that I hadn’t been able to feel in over nine years,” he added, describing the sensation as “incredible”.

Sorensen was fitted with a bulky mechanical hand that had several advanced sensors in each of the fingertips.

Those sensors delivered electrical signals through wires to several electrodes that were surgically implanted into his upper arm.

Although Sorensen’s nerves had not been used in nearly a decade, scientists were able to reactivate his sense of touch.

Wearing a blindfold and earplugs for the trial, which took place last year in Rome at Gemelli Hospital, Sorensen found he could tell the difference between a mandarin and a baseball.

He could also feel whether he was holding soft tissue, a hard piece of wood, or a flimsy plastic cup.

Sorensen joked that his children called him “The Cable Guy” when they saw all the wires coming out of his arm, hooking him up to the stationary hand, which was posed on a table.

Sorensen’s implant was removed after 30 days because of safety restrictions, but experts believe the electrodes could stay in for years without problem.

More tests are happening. Researchers are working to refine the sensory abilities of the prosthetic hand and make it portable by miniaturising the electronics.

In the meantime, Sorensen has returned to using his old prosthetic hand, which opens and closes when he squeezes or relaxes a muscle in his arm, but does not allow him to feel what he touches.

Researchers who were not involved with the study say the work is promising but add a mass-market sensory bionic hand is years away.

“This new advance seems to represent another step forward in creating a more precise man-machine interface,” said Richard Frieden, assistant professor at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai Medical Centre in New York.

David Gow, director of rehabilitation engineering services and bioengineering at NHS Lothian in Scotland, said that although the work involved a single case study, the method appears “practical”.

“This opens up exciting possibilities for artificial limb users,” he added.

Beckham wants Miami to be ‘global’

2019年6月17日 | 上海按摩服务 | Permalink

David Beckham has pledged that his new Major League Soccer team in Miami will be a “global team” like the huge European clubs where he became a superstar.

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The former England and Manchester United star says he already has big-name players phoning him up.

“I wanted to create a team where we can start from scratch,” Beckham told a packed press conference at a downtown Miami art museum on Wednesday, explaining his decision to bring the expanding league’s 22nd soccer club to the city.

“I know there was a team here 10 years ago that unfortunately folded, but I know that Miami is ready for football again,” he said.

“We’re planning to bring a team that will be a global team,” he said, arguing that soccer had made huge progress in the US as both a sport and a business.

The former England midfielder said one of his partners would be British pop music and television impresario Simon Fuller, who managed Beckham’s wife, Victoria, when she sang with the Spice Girls.

Beckham, who reportedly paid a cut-price $US25 million ($A28.14 million) for the franchise, said his wife and family would join him in Miami.

He also hopes LeBron James, a four-time NBA Most Valuable Player who stars for the champion Miami Heat, will join him in the ambitious venture.

“If LeBron comes on, that’d be amazing because people love him in the city and people love him in sports,” Beckham said.

James, already a minority investor in English Premier League giants Liverpool, has made no secret of his interest in Beckham’s project, telling reporters in November he was in talks with Beckham.

While Beckham did not disclose when the yet-to-be-named team would be ready for action, reports suggest it will be in 2016 or 2017.

“This is going to be a people’s team,” he told a throng of media, as a helicopter buzzed overhead and a small plane whizzed past dragging a banner that read “Beckham, don’t trust Gimenez”, referring to Miami Dade mayor Carlos Gimenez.

The former United and Real Madrid star said he had high hopes for the MLS, where he featured for LA Galaxy before retiring last year following a stint with Paris Saint-Germain.

“I’ve seen the change over the last 10 years. I’ve seen the change in this league, the interest in this league,” the 38-year-old said.

“We want to bring some of the best football players in the world, great players, to this team. Players are already interested in coming to Miami.”

Beckham spoke to reporters alongside MLS commissioner Don Garber, who said Beckham and the league would work with Miami Dade county to build a world-class downtown stadium for the new club.

Beckham said he would not seek public funding for the team’s stadium, having raised money from private partners.

‘Bionic hand’ adds sense of touch

2019年6月17日 | 上海按摩服务 | Permalink

To feel what you touch – that’s the holy grail for artificial limbs.

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In a step toward that goal, European researchers created a robotic hand that let an amputee feel differences between a bottle, a baseball and a mandarin.

The patient only got to experiment with the bulky prototype for a week, and it’s far from the bionics of science-fiction movies. But the research released on Wednesday is part of an effort to create more lifelike, and usable, prosthetics.

“It was just amazing,” says Dennis Aabo Sorensen of Aalborg, Denmark, who lost his left hand in a fireworks accident a decade ago and volunteered to pilot-test the new prosthetic. “It was the closest I have had to feeling like a normal hand.”

This isn’t the first time scientists have tried to give some sense of touch to artificial hands; a few other pilot projects have been reported in the United States and Europe. But this newest experiment, published in the journal Science Translational Medicine, shows Sorensen not only could tell differences in the shape and hardness of objects, he also could quickly react and adjust his grasp.

“It was interesting to see how fast he was able to master this,” says neuroengineer Silvestro Micera of Switzerland’s Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne, who led the Swiss and Italian research team. “He was able to use this information immediately in a quite sophisticated way.”

Scientists have made great strides in recent years in improving the dexterity of prosthetics. But the sense of touch has been a much more difficult challenge, and is one reason that many patients don’t use their prosthetic hands as much as they’d like.

Consider: grab something and your own hand naturally grasps with just enough force to hang on. Users of prosthetic hands have to carefully watch every motion, judging by eye instead of touch how tightly to squeeze. The results can be clumsy, with dropped dishes or crushed objects.

“You always have to look and see what’s going on, so that’s what is so much different from this new hand that I tried,” says Sorensen, 36, in a telephone interview.

First, doctors at Rome’s Gemelli Hospital implanted tiny electrodes inside two nerves – the ulnar and median nerves – in the stump of Sorensen’s arm.

Those nerves normally would allow for certain sensations in a hand. Sorensen says that when researchers zapped them with a weak electrical signal, it felt like his missing fingers were moving, showing the nerves still could relay information.

Meanwhile, Micera’s team put sensors on two fingers of a robotic hand, to detect information about what the artificial fingers touched.

For one week, cords snaked from a bandage on Sorensen’s arm to the artificial hand, and the electrodes zapped the nerves in proportion to what the sensors detected.

They essentially created a loop that let the robotic hand rapidly communicate with Sorensen’s brain.

“It is really putting the brain back in control of the system,” says biomedical engineer Dustin Tyler of Case Western Reserve University, who wasn’t involved with the European work but leads a team in Ohio that recently created and tested a similar touch-enabled hand. “That’s an important step.”

Neurobiologist Andrew Schwartz, of the University of Pittsburgh, says: “It shows with a few sensors and some pretty elementary technology, that they can recover a fair amount of functionality.”

To be sure Sorensen used touch, and didn’t cheat by looking or hearing telltale sounds, he wore a blindfold and headphones as Micera’s team handed him different objects.

“Suddenly I could tell if it was a hard object,” Sorensen recalls, describing sensations that changed along with his grip. “The response, the feedback from the arm to my nerves and to my brain, they came very strong.”

Micera cautions it will take several years of additional research to create a first-generation artificial hand that can feel, and looks more like a traditional prosthetic. First, they have to prove these nerve implants can last; for safety reasons, Sorensen’s were surgically removed after the experiment.

But a lot of work is under way.

In Ohio, Tyler’s team recently issued video showing a blindfolded man gently pulling stems from cherries without crushing them, thanks to similar implanted nerve stimulators and a sensor-equipped prosthetic hand.

The main difference, says Switzerland’s Micera, is in how the nerve electrodes are implanted. The European approach puts them inside the nerve rather than around it for better control, but that’s more invasive and some researchers worry it could damage the nerve over time.

In Pittsburgh, Schwartz’s team is about to test another approach – a brain-controlled robotic hand for the paralysed that would “feel” through electrodes implanted in a brain region known as the sensory cortex.

Whatever the approach, touch is a complex sense and these are all basic first steps involving how someone grasps, not more sophisticated sensations such as texture or temperature.

“There is definitely tremendous value to having a sense of touch, a sense of feeling from the hand,” Tyler says. “What that feeling is, how we use it – that’s yet to come.”

Aussie support groups back UN report blasting Vatican on sex abuse

2019年6月17日 | 上海按摩服务 | Permalink

The UN Committee on the Rights of the Child says tens of thousands of children worldwide had been abused systemically for years within the Catholic Church, and little has been done to redress the wrong doings.

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The report accuses the Catholic Church of covering up the crimes by transferring abusers to different parishes, which it says facilitated the continuation of abuse.

It criticises the Church for dealing with accusations behind closed doors, allowing the vast majority of abusers to escape judicial proceedings.

Victims of clergy abuse advocate, Wayne Chamley of Broken Rites, says the church still doesn’t realise that the era of policing itself has finished.

“They don’t seem to realise that those days are over and what’s been going on around the world in things like the royal commision in Ireland, and the royal commission in Australia the Victorian inquiry etc, they’re being required to come to a process of scrutiny that they can’t control and they still don’t have the mindset that the days of self examination are over. It’s just not acceptable to the public and it’s not acceptable to the government.”

Listen: Aussie support groups back UN report blasting Vatican on sex abuse, Abby DInham reports

But Mr Chamley says immediate changes to the way the church handles matters is unlikely as the current group of Archbishops is extremely conservative.

And he says the process of making amendments to canon law is long and difficult.

Mr Chamley says state and federal governments should impose sanctions on the church as service providers – in the hospital, school, and welfare sectors – to force it to take real action on the issue of child abuse.

“There’s an opportunity I think for sovereign governments to step in and say if you don’t make changes as the UN expects you to make changes we will start to make some changes in the way we deal with you as a service provider so we will maybe not be prepared to accept you to run any businesses and services on our behalf.”

Call for global action

Adults Surviving Child Abuse (ASCA) has called for action to be taken globally, like Australia’s own Royal Commission, to ensure institutional transparency and accountability when it comes to dealing with child sexual abuse.

“It is time for action, accountability, justice and compensation for people whose lives have been decimated,” said Dr Cathy Kezelman, President of ASCA.

“The Vatican’s priority must be with ensuring the safety of children and upholding the lives of survivors and their families. Enough complication, cover-ups and moving perpetrators around so more children are harmed. The lack of hierarchical accountability is and has been substantial; no one should be above the law.

“It is indeed a question of facts and evidence as Tomasi has stated but they have been not distorted. It is the ongoing attempts to minimise, dismiss, deny and perpetuate secrecy and internal processes that has created a global scourge. The time for real change is now.”

Vatican slammed over ‘code of silence’

The Vatican has been told to immediately stand down all clergy within the Catholic church who have been suspected of involvement in child sexual abuse.

The chair of the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child, Kirsten Sandberg, says the Vatican has not acknowledged the extent of the crimes committed by Catholic clergy, and has not taken the necessary measures to address cases of child sexual abuse and to protect children.

“Another matter was the code of silence that was imposed by the church on children and the fact that reporting to national law enforcement authorities has never been made compulsor,” Kirsten Sandberg says.

“We think that it’s a horrible thing that’s been kept silent both by the Holy See itself and also in the different local parishes.”

Ms Sandberg says the so-called “code of silence” imposed on clergy under threat of excommunication, meant that cases were hardly ever reported to national law enforcement authorities.

And that those in the Church who dared to speak out were ostracised, demoted or fired, while some victims were gagged with confidentiality clauses linked to compensation deals.

“They strongly said that their attitudes have changed over the last few years. Let us hope that this is a new beginning for a more open attitude and more co-operation and removing this condition of silence.”

The report followed a landmark hearing last month during which members of the committee – made up of 18 independent human rights experts from around the globe – grilled senior churchmen and repeatedly questioned the Vatican’s resolve.

Like other signatories of the 1989 UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, the Vatican agreed to be scrutinised by the panel.

Sochi 2014: Who to follow on Twitter

2019年6月17日 | 上海按摩服务 | Permalink

Australian Olympic team @AUSOlympicTeam

Official Olympics twitter @Olympics

Sochi 2014 @Sochi2014

[PICS] So excited to be wearing these Australian #Olympic Team uniforms! #GoAUS: 上海按摩服务网,t.

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co/2elDKjOyj2 pic.twitter上海桑拿,/RbqicAleLd

— AUS Olympic Team (@AUSOlympicTeam) February 6, 2014

Team Australia

Alpine Skiing

Emily Bamford @ebamford

Lavinia Chrystal @LaviniaChrystal

Ross Peraudo @PeraudoRoss

Biathlon

Alex Almoukev, biathalon @Almoukov

Freestyle Skiing

Dale Begg-Smith @DaleBeggSmith85

Britt Cox @BrittyCox

Katya Crema @KatyaCrema

Anton Grimus @antongrimus

Sami Kennedy-Sim @samikennedysim

Russ Henshaw @RussHenshaw

Scott Kneller @scottkneller

Jenny Owens @JennyOwensski

Danielle Scott @Daniellescott7

Anna Segal @AnnaSegal

Davina Williams @davinarwilliams

David Morris @Aerialskier

Lydia Lassila @LydiaLassila

Nicole Parks @Nicolejadeparks 

The views in Russia are amazing! pic.twitter上海桑拿,/6Jl4XarX99

— Russ Henshaw (@RussHenshaw) February 4, 2014

Cross-country skiing

Esther Bottomley @estherbott

Phillip Bellingham @PBellinghamXC

Callum Watson @callumwxc

Short track skating

Pierre Boda @pierreboda

Snowboarding 

Torah Bright @torahbright

Scotty James @scottyjames31 

Belle Brockhoff  @bellebrockhoff

Alex Chumpy Pullin @chumpypullin

Cam Bolton @cameron_bolton

Kent Callister @kentcallister

Jarryd Hughes @JarrydHughes

Nate Johnstone @Nate_Johnstone

Stephanie Magiros @stephmagiros

Welcoming these legends to our Team! @bellebrockhoff @chumpypullin & our awesome #Snowboard crew! #GoAUS pic.twitter上海桑拿,/Z95lQTYMPd

— AUS Olympic Team (@AUSOlympicTeam) February 5, 2014

Skeleton

Michelle Steele @skeletonsteele 

Lucy Chaffer @lucychaffer

John Farrow @JohnFarrowAUS 

First training session done here in Sochi. Great to get back on the ice.

— Lucy chaffer (@lucychaffer) February 5, 2014

Luge

Alex Ferlazzo @Ferlazzzo

Speed skating

Daniel Greig @greigdaniel

Figure skating

Brendan Kerry @Br3ndan_ 

Brooklee Han @brookleeh95

Greg Merriman and Danielle O’Brien @OBrienMerriman

Bobsleigh

Gareth Nichols @GarethChevNicho 

Lucas Mata @mata_lucas 

Jana Pittman @JanaPittman

Astrid Radjenovic @AstridBobsleigh

Heath Spence @aussiebobsleigh

First two runs down in 2 man Bob and @aussiebobsleigh Is ‘Very happy’ #ASPIREtoGreatness pic.twitter上海桑拿,/7nN1Vo5kag

— AUS Olympic Team (@AUSOlympicTeam) February 5, 2014Other athletes worth following

Mikaela Shiffrin – USA – skier to watch @mikaelashiffrin

Apolo Anton Ohno – USA – speedskating champ @ApoloOhno

Kaillie Humphries – Canada’s Bobsleigh gold medallist @BobsledKaillie

Patrick Chan – Canada’s skating superstar @Pchiddy

 Arielle Gold – USA – 17 year old snowboarder @arielletgold

Well that’s encouraging… #teamUSA pic.twitter上海桑拿,/zyzP0jFxHk

— Arielle Gold (@arielletgold) February 4, 2014